Employment law covers the relationships that exist between employees and employers. This area of the law is vital to ensure that employees receive appropriate treatment and are not unfairly exploited by their employers -- as frequently happens when employers are left unchecked. Here is a brief review of some basic employment law vocabulary from the perspective the key areas covered by this legal topic:
Breach of employment contracts: Employees and employers often enter into a formally written or oral contract at the onset of the employment. As long as this contract is lawfully constructed and the provisions are legitimate, both sides of the contract must adhere to its terms or face legal ramifications.
Employment discrimination: State and federal laws protect a variety of classes of employees -- based on race, disability, gender and other statuses -- from discrimination relating to hiring, firing, layoffs, promotions, compensation and other areas of the employment relationship.
Family and Medical Leave Act: The FMLA guarantees certain employees the right to unpaid time off without fear of losing their job in the event of a personal or family illness -- or in the event that a new child or baby is coming into the home. Employers who do not honor the FMLA will be in violation of the law.
Sexual harassment: A massive area of employment law relates to sexually harassing behavior committed against employees on-the-job. This unconscionable behavior is not only despicable, it is also unlawful and victims can pursue justice in court.
Wrongful termination and retaliation: Wrongful termination lawsuits and retaliation lawsuits are often an important part of the above categories of employment law. Employees may find themselves retaliated against in many different ways on the basis of the above types of employment law violations.
There are a lot more categories of employment law issues relating to the payment of wages and more. If you have any issue with your employer, do not delay in educating yourself on your rights.